General - Shannon Mattern, “The City is Not a Computer”, Places Journal
General - Richard Pope, “A Right to the Digital City”, Medium
General - Evgeny Morozov and Francesca Bria, “Rethinking the smart city – Democratizing Urban Technology”, Rosa Luxemburg Stiftung – City Series
Business Model and Project Governance - Molly Sauter “Google’s Guinea-Pig City: Will Toronto turn its residents into Alphabet’s experiment? The answer has implications for cities everywhere” The Atlantic, Feb. 13, 2018
Business Model and Project Governance - Bianca Wylie, Sidewalk Toronto, the City of Toronto and our right to multiple futures, Medium, March 19, 2018
Business Model and Project Governance - Bianca Wylie, “Civic Tech: On Google, Sidewalk Labs and Smart Cities”, Torontoist, October 24, 2017
Data and Data Governance - Teresa Scassa, “Who owns all the data collected by ‘smart cities’?”, Toronto Star
Data and Data Governance - Blayne Haggart and Zachary Spicer, “What Quayside has taught us about smart cities and data governance”, The Conversation
Data and Data Governance - K Paskaleva, Data Governance in the Sustainable Smart Cities
Data and Data Governance - Kurtis McBride, Monetizing Smart Cities, Framing the Debate
Data and Data Governance - Bates, J. (2012). “This is what modern deregulation looks like”: co-optation and contestation in the shaping of the UK’s Open Government Data Initiative. The Journal of Community Informatics 8(2).
Data and Data Governance - K Sabeel Rahman, “The New Utilities: Private Power, Social Infrastructure, and the Revival of the Public Utility Concept,” Cardozo Law Review, June 15th, 2017
Data and Data Governance - Lauriault TP, Bloom R, Landry J-N (2018) Open Smart Cities Guide v1.0. Montreal.
Data and Data Governance - Jean-Noé Landry, Suthee Sangiambut (2018) AI in government: for whom, by whom? In: Policy Options.
Public Process and Engagement - Discuss, Decide, Do. By: Nicole Swerhun & Vanessa Av Ruskin.
Public Process and Engagement - Goodspeed, R. (2015). Smart cities: moving beyond urban cybernetics to tackle wicked problems. Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society, 8(1), 79–92.
Public Process and Engagement - City of St. Albert (Alberta), “Smart City Master Plan”, Canadian small-mid-sized city thinking seriously about its future.
Inclusivity - James Scott, Seeing like a State (1999), Part 1, pp. 53-84
Inclusivity - Hamish Robertson & Joanne Travaglia, “Without a critical approach to big data it risks becoming an increasingly sophisticated paradigm for coercion”, LSE Impact Blog July 5 2017
Additional Reading - Hamish Robertson & Joanne Travaglia, “Ideological Inheritances in the Data Revolution”, LSE Impact Blog February 27, 2016
Additional Reading - David Eaves, “Lies, Damned Lies, and Open Data”, Slate September 7, 2012
Additional Reading - Jeffrey Alan Johnson, “How Data Does Political Things”, LSE Impact Blog October 7, 2015
Additional Reading - The Challenges to Inclusive, Open, and Smart Cities: Speed, Opacity, and Outsourcing by Open North
Collaboration with Government - Values-Based AI and the New Smart Cities, Policy Options, Tracey Lauriault, Feb. 8, 2018
Collaboration with Government - The Controversy Over Google’s Plans for Toronto, Toronto Star, Mariana Valverde, Jan. 30, 2018
Openness - Equitable Open Data Report from Detroit Community Technology Project
Openness - Open Smart Cities FAQ by CIPICC and Open North
Openness - Lauriault, Tracey P., Rachel Bloom, Carly Livingstone, and Jean-Noé Landry “Open Smart Cities In Canada: Environmental Scan And Case Studies
Privacy Law - Lisa M. Austin, “Protecting the Public Interest When ‘Your user agreement sucks’”, April 17, 2018
Privacy Law - Privacy International, “Smart Cities: Utopian Vision, Dystopian Reality”, October 2017
Privacy Law - Open Letter on Smart Cities and Privacy from Canada’s Privacy Commissioners:
Hard Infrastructure - The Controversy Over Futurist plans for Toronto
Sustainability and Resilience - Duncan McLaren and Julian Agyeman, “Sharing Cities – A Case for Truly Smart and Sustainable Cities”, MIT Press
Municipalism and Rebel Cities movement - Debbie Bookchin, “Radical Municipalism: The Future We Deserve”, Roar Magazine